All future national and common operations will take place in a network-enabled environment where service-oriented architectures allow individuals and staff to access shared information sources through the provision of customized services on the network.
JISR comprises a selection of services that equip the commander, staff, operator, or analyst with the right information, at the right place, at the right time. JISR capabilities are network-enabled and supported by Collection Coordination Intelligence Requirements Management (CCIRM) and information management procedures.
Terma has developed a suite of NIIA (NATO Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Interoperability Architecture) compliant products e.g. NSIL (NATO Standard ISR Library) databases and complete Joint ISR Management & Processing Systems (JIMaPS).
JIMaPS as Reconnaissance Target Planning tool offers 3D GIS and intuitive user interface - click image to view larger version
Reliable Data Exchange
The use of NIIA compliant protocols and data structures ensures a speedy and reliable exchange of data products essential for making the right decisions in critical situations.
Complete Situational Awareness
The GUI (Graphical User Interface) of Terma's JISR implementations comprise query and data fusion tools giving the user access to available and relevant information in near real-time. This gives the Commander complete Situational Awareness (SA) and enables him to quickly decide and coordinate any required action minimizing collateral damage and casualties amongst own forces.
Terma is an active member of NATO's Distributed Networked Battle Labs (DNBL) community and successfully tested STANAG 4559 interoperability between Terma's NSILI compliant data exploitation product and the MAJIIC Coalition Shared Database (CSD) at DNBL.
JISR is an operations-intelligence activity that integrates and synchronizes the planning and operation of all collection assets with the functions of processing, exploitation, fusion, and dissemination in direct support of decision makers at all levels of command.
The mission plan consists of a sensor plan, communications plan, and exploitation plan. Control of the sensor platform, sensor, and datalink will be guided by these plans. The control can be automatic, manual, or a combination of the two.
Data Collection and Processing
Sensor systems capture data both about the sensor platform environment and remote imagery. Many sensors may be operating simultaneously. Mainly, we think of imaging sensors such as electro-optical, infrared, and radar sensors. As most of these sensors generate an image over an interval of time, relative motions between the sensor platform and ground play a significant role. Sensor platform position and attitude sensors are capturing this data so it can be correlated in time to the imagery.
The primary imagery may or may not be further processed before sending it to the exploitation function. This transfer depends on the physical configuration of the mission subsystems. To get the data from the sensor platform to the exploitation workstation can take many different routes depending on where the exploitation workstation is located. If the exploitation is located on board a manned aircraft, the workstation can access the sensor imagery from a local network. If the exploitation workstation is located elsewhere, the data must either be data linked or passed via removable media.
Exploitation and Data Fusion
Prior to the exploitation station receiving the data, the mission plan and tasking information would normally be provided to the exploitation station, including what EEIs (Essential Elements of Information) are to be gathered from the mission. There may be some research that the interpreter has to accomplish prior to receiving ISR data. For example, he may query other ISR information databases for prior reports and reference information of targets to be exploited.
After the interpreter exploits the ISR data, the exploitation products (ISR information) are reviewed by the supervisor and stored in the NSIL database.
ISR products are exchanged with national or NATO entities as fully exploited intelligence and information products, with reports, annotated imagery, or other intelligence formats, using the STANAG 4559 (NATO Standard Imagery Library Interface (NSILI)) protocol and associated data formats.