Airport Ground Surveillance
For more than 60 years, Terma has been a leading and preferred Primary Sensor supplier to non-cooperative surveillance solutions such as A-SMGCS. Our references comprise more than 400 systems installed at international airports on all continents. Terma SCANTER radars secure safe transportation of passengers and cargo from the time the aircraft has landed until is it safely parked and ready to unload. Terma's latest generation of high-tech solutions and products are developed and designed for use in extreme environments and situations.
The traditional ground movement radar has been the primary sensor providing surveillance input for Advanced Surface Movement Guidance and Control Systems (A-SMGCS) with reference to e.g. the EUROCAE ED-116.
The flexibility of software-defined radar systems and advances in digital signal processing now allow for processing more information. This improves the situational awareness capability significantly within the same physical envelope.
To learn more about enhanced SMR (eSMR) please visit our dedicated tab (Enhanced SMR (eSMR)
The SCANTER 5502/5602 is an X-band, Solid State, 2D, fully coherent pulse compression radar with software-defined functionality.
The outstanding capabilities of the SCANTER 5502/5602 ensure reliable detection of very small targets and produce an overall clear, well-defined, high-resolution radar image of the coverage area, day and night and in all weather conditions.
The SMR features surveillance capabilities in accordance with ICAO 9476-AN-927:
- Radar monitoring of traffic on the maneuvering area.
- Routing instructions to surface traffic using the radar-displayed information, to avoid points of traffic congestion and select aircraft routes to maintain traffic flow.
- Issuance of instructions to hold short at intersections to avoid traffic conflicts.
- Information that a runway is clear of other traffic, particularly in periods of low visibility.
- Assistance in timing of runway operations to improve runway utilization while avoiding conflicts with departing and arriving aircraft.
- On request, guidance information to an aircraft uncertain of its position.
- Guidance information to emergency vehicles.
The SCANTER 5502/5602 networks in an IP-Network structure and is designed to integrate and form part of an airport A-SMGCS performing single- or multi-sensor operation.
Airport Traffic at Gardermoen Airport
Built-in video- and clutter processing optimizes for subsequent target tracking. Remote transceiver control and monitoring with distributed radar images are available for integration in third-party platforms. Static clutter map allows for remote update and map communality. Frequency planning within the X-band (9000 – 9500 MHz) can be performed to adapt to local requirements or to solve interference problems.
SCANTER 5505/5602 is fully EUROCAE ED-116, EUROCONTROL and WMO compliant.
Aerodrome Traffic Awareness
Terma has introduced an Embedded Plot Extractor and Tracker in the SCANTER
environment as well as the new add-on feature Aerodrome Traffic Awareness.
Terma is the first and only manufacturer to deliver a 2-in-1 solution.
The Aerodrome Traffic Awareness is an add-on to the well-known SMR application. It enables detection and tracking of descending aircraft up to 5 NM from the radar as well as detecting and tracking non-transponder low-level unidentified flying objects around the airport.
Primary Surveillance Radar (PSR) and Secondary Surveillance Radar (SSR) do not provide coverage below 2-300 m. These radars might also have a limited view to the descending aircraft due to buildings or blind zones.
Moreover, a correlation in the A-SMGCS between the SSR and SMR makes it possible automatically to transfer the label before landing to save time later when ground traffic might be heavy. Aerodrome Traffic Awareness provides the industry standard output and can be fed immediately into e.g. the A-SMGCS and presented for the ATCs.
Aerodrome Traffic Awareness is based on Terma’s embedded tracker. The tracker is knowledge-based and developed based on years of intensive product development and frequent tests with all kinds of targets utilizing an Interacting Multiple Model (IMM) with multiple interacting extended Kalman filters.
The tracker has been tested in a number of countries and in many weather conditions, on ground based as well as on moving platforms.
SMR Surface Movement Radar, Embedded Tracker, Full Coherence, Frequency diversity
Easy A-SMGCS integration with Industry Standard Interfaces
Programmable frequencies within 9.0-9.5 GHz
Up to 16 sub-bands
Digital sampling on IF, ≥ 140 dB amplitude span of
Range cell size: 3 m
Range cell size: 1.5 m
Embedded Tracker, Open architecture, wall/bulkhead mounted, ruggedized housing
Temperature-controlled, environmental enclosure for up-mast mounting
Optional 2-in-1 Aerodrome
Traffic Awareness solution with Surface & Air Tracking simultaneously
Digital & Analog processed video and IP network radar signals
Control and monitoring via IP network/Serial communication ports
21' High Gain Linear Array, Circularly Polarized, Fan Beam or Inverse Cosec², Dual encoders, 60RPM
IEC 60068, IEC 60529, IEC 61000,ITU-R SM 1541, ICAO 1987, EUROCAE ED-116
Schweschat airport, Vienna, Austria